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Every sector has its own flagship product.  In the diamond industry the heart and arrows diamond is the masterpiece of all gems.  Discovered by the Japanese this is a diamond that has been cut with precise care and attention to achieve the crème de la crème of diamonds.

How did the heart and arrow diamond emerge?

Diamond cutting can be considered as a work of art.  Just like artistry diamond cutters look to push the boundaries as far as they can.  In the 1980’s Japanese jewelers was one of the first to discover the effect a kaleidoscope had on a round brilliant cut diamond.

At this time there were no diamonds that featured that perfect heart and arrows pattern.    The Japanese jewelers began to refine their polishing techniques and their cutting style was quickly picked up by other cutting houses from across the world as this technique gained in popularity.

This cutting technique did not arrive into the United States until the mid-nineties and by this time the guidelines and technique had been crafted out.

How does the heart and arrow pattern work?

If you were to look at the diamond from the top looking directly down there should be eight arrows that are symmetrical.  If you were to flip the diamond and look at it from its base it would reveal eight hearts that are symmetrical.

Cutting is extremely precise to achieve this pattern which is why a heart and arrow diamond is often called “super ideals”.  Ask a jeweler what this means and they will advise a “super ideal” diamond has precise optical symmetry, excellent quality of materials and superior light performance.

Does any diamond rated as “ideal” have the heart and arrows?

To answer simply, no it does not.  Unfortunately not all diamond with an ideal cut grading or excellent cut grading will quality as a heart and arrow diamond.

The formation of a heart and arrows pattern is down to extreme attention when polishing the facet.  This level of precision goes way beyond that of a diamond with an excellent symmetry rating.

It is worth bearing in mind when shopping for a diamond that the terms heart and arrows is used very loosely in the jewelry industry.  Any jeweller that is stating they are selling you a heart and arrows diamond should be able to provide you with all the necessary paperwork and justify their reasoning for this rating.  If they cannot this is potentially a highly priced diamond in the hope an uneducated consumer will purchase.

Don’t be afraid to ask questions if you are not sure.  Ask to see the diamond at different angles.  A sub-standard diamond which has been considered as well cut can show elements of heart and diamond but if the jeweller cannot prove this to be the case do not pay the premium for this.

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